Cozia Massif hiking map
The Cozia Massif rises to the left of the Olt River, across Calimanesti spa resort, and represents an association of almost radial ridges that split from Cozia Peak (Ciuha Mare), forming a unitary massif, a rocky monolith, in the central-southern part of the Southern Carpathians.
It is bordered by Lovistea Depression to the north, the Topolog River to the east, the sub-Carpathian hills of Jiblea-Calimanesti Depression to the south, and by the Olt River to the west. The highest peaks are Cozia Peak (Ciuha Mare) 1,667 m, Ciuha Mica Peak 1,627 m, Durduc Peak 1,504 m and Bulzu Peak 1,565 m.
Cozia Massif is an anticline with a series of secondary folds on the southern flank. From a geological point of view, Cozia Massif has an interesting structure. In fact, it is part of the crystalline schist area of the Southern Carpathians, and the depressions at the edge of the massif - both to the south and to the east - consist of tertiary rocks, but yet most of the central region of Cozia is made up of granite gneiss with large microclines, the so-called Cozia Gneiss.
The geology of the massif gave rise to natural formations specific to Cozia: the Olt River Gorge; the Stone Gate, Rosia Rocks, Stanisoara Gate, the Fence’s Precipice, the Dragons’ Garden, the Scissors’ Edge; Gardului Waterfall, Urzicii Waterfall. The Orthodox monasteries such as: the Monastery dedicated to the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Turnu Monastery), the Monastery dedicated to the Great Martyr George (Stanesni Monastery), Holy Trinity Monastery (Cozia Monastery), the Hermitage dedicated to the Birth of St. John the Baptist (Cozia Veche Hermitage).
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